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More about Sacrifice at Chickamauga

404 total pages – 7x10” Hardcover with full-color enamel dust jacket

Acid free paper – 77 Photos & illustrations 

1,207 entries in the Name Index – 85 Editorial Notes  

42 recently researched biographies – Bibliography

ISBN 0-9715464-0-1 – Library of Congress Control Number: 2003103406

Here is the Table of Contents:



Day-by-Day with the 89th Ohio                                             

          1862 - Call To The Colors                                               

The Defense Of Cincinnati & Western Virginia        

Winter At Cotton Mountain                                         

1863 - Gems, Not Bullets                                              

Destination Nashville                                                    

With The Cumberland Army                                         

Prelude To Battle                                                         

Sacrifice At Chickamauga                                          

Siege & Redemption                                                  

1864 - Road To Atlanta                                                


March To The Sea                                                    

1865 - Through The Carolinas                                      

March To Washington                                               

Road Home To Ohio                                                  

Fate of the Captured                                                         

Diary of Lieutenant Edward S. Scott                          

Journal of Sergeant William J. McKell                         

To and From Libby Prison, by Corporal John F. Hill   

Letter of Private Thomas J. Doughman                       

Private William Kerns                                                 

Buried At Andersonville                                             

Buried At Danville                                                      

Morgan’s Ohio Invasion                                                   

Eyewitness to Murder                                                      

Biographies (42) 

Corporal Robert Perry Barber                                   

Private William McK. Barns/Barnes                            

First Lieutenant Thomas H. Beveridge                         

Captain Allison L. Brown                                           

First Sergeant Robert Stewart Brown                         

Private Jasper N. Burtnett                                           

Colonel Caleb Carlton                                                

Sergeant Horace K. Dolen                                         

Private Maurice Dolen                                                

Private Samuel T. Dolen                                             

Private Thomas Jefferson Doughman                           

Private Hezekiah England                                           

First Lieutenant Ortho Pearre Fairfield                        

Private George W. Fleming                                         

Brevet Captain Joseph Benson Foraker                      

Captain Oliver C. Gatch                                             

Captain William Haight                                              

Sergeant Josephus H. Hall                                          

Private Joab Hart                                                       

Corporal John Fletcher Hill                                         

Private George M. Hinshaw                                        

Private William Christie Johnson                                 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel John H. Jolly                      

Private William Kerns                                                

Captain Marcellus A. Leeds                                       

Corporal Jacob W. Lucas                                         

Corporal Henry Bonnel Mattox                                  

Sergeant Jesse Taylor McClave                                  

Sergeant William James McKell                                  

Captain Isaac Cook Nelson                                       

First Lieutenant Joseph Campbell Oliver                    

First Lieutenant George W. Penn                                

Corporal Elijah Rockhold, Jr.                                    

Private Jacob J. Roseboom                                       

Adjutant Edward Scofield Scott                                 

Color Sergeant Jacob Shively                                    

Private Robert E. Shivers                                          

Assistant Surgeon Colon Junius Spence                     

Private William S. Thacker                                         

First Lieutenant Stephen V. Walker                            

Private Samuel Weaver                                             

Corporal Silas Weaver                                              


Name Index (1,207 entries)                                              

An excerpt from Day-by-Day with the 89th Ohio:

Thursday, May 19th 1864—To Captain W. B. Curtis, Assistant Adjutant-General, First Brigade, Third Division, XIV Army Corps.  Sir: Marched at 9:00am on the 19th for Kingston, Georgia; passed through town at noon and formed line of battle; no enemy appearing, we crossed the creek in our front, moving upon the hill south a short distance; formed line of battle, threw out skirmishers, and after two hours’ delay, recalled them; moved by the left flank toward Cassville, where firing was heard, with slight skirmishing in front.  We halted, put out skirmishers, and threw up temporary breast-works, where we remained during the night and until the 23rd.  Major John H. Jolly, 89th Ohio. [Official Records]

—Started at 9:00am and marched to Kingston on the railroad.  Had one canteen of whiskey issued to the company.  When we got through Kingston, the prospect of a fight was flattering and we were in line of battle two or three hours.  The rebs vacated however and we advanced a mile or two and built fortifications. [Capt. Nelson]

—Started again this morning and passed through Kingston leaving it in the rear about four miles and camped for the night having skirmished all afternoon. [Pvt. Dolen]


Here are two of the 42 full-length biographies in the book:

Private Joab Hart

Company A

Hart, a first-generation Ohioan was born in Highland County on March 19, 1827. He and Caroline Strange married in Hillsboro on April 27, 1851. Prior to his enlistment in Company A on August 10, 1862, the couple had five children.

At enlistment, Hart was 35 years old; 5 feet 11 inches tall; had fair complexion, blue eyes, and light hair; and his occupation was farming. He received a $100.00 bounty, but only took $25.00 of it and a $2.00 travel premium when he entered service. Hart mustered with the rest of the regiment at Camp Dennison on August 26, 1862.

He was present for duty until February 12, 1863, when he entered General Hospital 14 in Nashville, Tennessee with measles. His condition worsened as cold settled in his head and spine causing general disability. He left Nashville hospitals in May, 1863, and was admitted to the General Hospital in New Albany, Indiana, until that June when he returned to duty.

After Hart’s return to the 89th, Surgeon Samuel Crew treated him on and off for the same condition. Finally in July, 1864, he needed to be hospitalized again, first in Chattanooga and then later in Nashville. He received a 20-day sick furlough and visited home before joining his regiment in November 1864.

Hart was present for duty until he mustered out with the regiment on June 7, 1865. He returned home to Russells Station, Highland County, and started farming again. He and Caroline had two more children, Thomas in 1866 and Charley in 1872.

His health remained good until 1871 when he experienced a heart attack. In addition to these attacks that occurred more frequently as the years passed, he began to complain of his spine.

These conditions affected his ability to farm and support his family. From 1871 to 1881, they moved five times to locations in Highland, Clinton, and Fayette counties; eventually ending up back in Russells Station.

In 1879, Hart applied for an invalid pension and in the declaration stated that he "incurred the measles and caught cold and the said measles settled in his head and breast which resulted in catarrh of the nose and head and irritation of the brain and spine and also bronchitis and general disability." Later in the document, he wrote that as a farmer he was three-fourths disabled. The application process continued through 1883, and sometime before 1890, he received his pension under certificate number 251182.

By 1890, Hart and his family moved to Hoaglin, Van Wert County, Ohio. He purchased a 5-acre farm in Pleasant Township. Hart lived there until he died of heart disease on October 8, 1901. He was 74 years old. At the time of his death, he was receiving a pension of $12.00 a month.

On October 11, 1901, the same day Hart was buried in Mt. Pleasant Church cemetery, his widow, Caroline applied for a Widow’s Pension. Hart’s estate left her no assets, and her own poor health prevented her from working. She received a pension of $8.00 a month until her death at the age of 73 on March 10, 1906.

Joab and Caroline’s fifth child, Sarah Hart, born January 9, 1860, later married Frank Estelle Fenner. They moved to Columbus, Ohio, and in 1897 had one of their three sons, H. Lee Fenner.

  Private Samuel Weaver

Company B

Samuel Weaver (1842-1864) was the first child of Mary Tate (1818-1891) and Charles Henry Weaver (1818-1883). Samuel was named after his grandfather, Samuel Weaver (1797-1863), who arrived in Clermont County, Ohio, with his father, John Weaver (1749-1831) in 1810. John Weaver was a Revolutionary War veteran of the Berkeley County Virginia Militia and was patented 682 acres of land in Clermont County for his military service. Patriotism ran deep in the Weaver family, so when the Civil War began in 1861, an unmarried Samuel joined many other Clermont men in the call to arms.

Samuel Weaver enlisted at Williamsburg, Clermont County, Ohio, for a three-year term and a $100.00 bounty on August 14, 1862. At the time of his enlistment, Samuel was a farmer, five feet eight and a half inches tall, black hair, gray eyes and a dark complexion. He received a $25.00 advanced bounty with two additional dollars for travel expenses to Camp Dennison, Ohio. Upon arrival, Samuel was mustered into service and attached to the newly organized 89th Regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry on the 26th day of August 1862. The regiment primarily consisted of volunteers from the Clermont, Ross, Highland and Brown counties. Private Samuel Weaver was assigned to Company B under the command of Captain James W. Vickers.

After surviving many battles, including the battle of Chickamauga, on August 26th 1864, near Atlanta, Georgia, Private Samuel Weaver by reason of illness entered the 89th Regimental field hospital. On September 23rd, Samuel’s life ended as a result of chronic diarrhea-dysentery. Dysentery is an infectious disease that is due to poor sanitary conditions associated with soldiers in the field and is spread by unhygienic handlers of food.

Samuel’s worldly possessions at the time of his death were a nightshirt, a knapsack, a small bible, a box of tools and two handkerchiefs. All of his personal items were abandoned for lack of transportation before the Council of Administration could dispose of them. The regiment had been ordered to move: General Sherman was beginning to start the infamous "March to the Sea." Samuel was initially interred near Atlanta, Georgia, and now rests at the Marietta National Cemetery in Marietta, Georgia.

On December 13th, 1884, following the death of her spouse, Mary Tate Weaver applied for a pension in behalf of her son, Samuel Weaver. The claim and subsequent appeals were all rejected on the ground that the claimant was not dependent upon the soldier at the date of his death. On April 9, 1891, Mary Tate Weaver passed away in Clermont County, Ohio, at the age of 72.

One example of the 85 editorial notes:

Thursday, January 14th 1864—Lieutenant Gamble Resigns.  [First] Lieutenant John B. Gamble, of Company A, 89th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, has been obliged to resign on account of chronic rheumatism and diarrhea, and has returned to his home in this place.  He left the regiment in the battle of Chickamauga, and was one of the few officers of the 89th who escaped being captured on that occasion. [Highland News]


Note: John B. Gamble died of rheumatism of the heart on February 12, 1877 at Noblesville, Indiana.  His wife, Margaret A. (Lyle) Gamble, applied and received a Widow’s Pension until her death in 1918.  Five children were born to their marriage.

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